a. Synoptic History
The tropical wave that produced Erika moved off the northwest
coast of Africa on 2 September and passed over the Cape Verde Islands
on the 3rd with deep convection confined to the southern portion of the
wave. On 4-6 September, the system appeared on satellite imagery mainly
as a very large low-level swirl of stratocumulus clouds. Deep convection
began increasing on the 7th and by the 8 September at 1800 UTC, the system
had become Tropical Depression Eight according to satellite estimates.
At that time, the depression was midway between Hurricane
Claudette, which was to the northwest near Bermuda, and Tropical
Storm Danny which was to the southeast of the depression.
b. Meteorological Statistics
Erika was primarily a concern to the marine community but
it did pass directly over Sao Miguel in the Azores with a minimum central
pressure of 1009. Santa Maria experienced sustained 40 mile winds with
a peak gust to 67 miles at 0300 UTC 12 September. The airfield there was
closed for several hours.
c. Casualty and Damage Statistics
There were no reports of damage, injuries, or deaths related to Erika.
Maximum Intensity For Tropical
Landfall for Tropical